VOXEL-MAN 3D-Navigator: Inner Organs
Regional, Systemic and Radiological
by Karl Heinz Höhne, Bernhard Pflesser, Andreas Pommert, Kay Priesmeyer, Martin Riemer, Thomas Schiemann, Rainer Schubert, Ulf Tiede, Hans Frederking, Sebastian Gehrmann, Stefan Noster, and Udo Schumacher.
DVD-ROM for Windows in English and German, Springer Electronic Media, New York, 2003, ISBN 978-3-642-10495-4
"For many postgraduates, especially trainee radiologists, the views offer a valuable reference, since so many imaging techniques display mainly as cross-section slices."
R. M. Kirk, Journal of Anatomy (more reviews)
VOXEL-MAN 3D-Navigator: Inner Organs is an new kind of anatomical and radiological atlas. It is novel in at least two respects:
- Unlike books or traditional multimedia programs, it allows interactive exploration of a detailed three-dimensional anatomical model. Each structure is labeled and described, and can thus be interrogated directly on the screen. The advantages of dealing with real anatomy are thus combined with the advantages of learning from a book (associated knowledge).
- Unlike traditional sources of knowledge, VOXEL-MAN 3D-Navigator presents the radiological manifestation of normal anatomy in the context of three-dimensional anatomy. It thus decisively improves the understanding of both X-ray and cross-sectional radiological images.
The program is based on a high resolution realistic body model that was derived from the cross-sectional images of the Visible Human Project. It contains about 650 three-dimensional anatomical objects, mostly of the thorax and the abdomen, including nervous and cardiovascular systems.
These may be interactively expored and dissected in 19 interactive scenes. 8 of them are additionally available in stereoscopic (red/green) format. Here is a selection of partly interactive example scenes.
The program provides unique reference material not only for medical students, but also for professionals in all medical disciplines involving anatomy and radiology. However, also interested non-specialists can explore the inner structure of the human body using the 3D-Navigator.