These images give an impression of the quality and functionality of the virtual body model of the torso and inner organs created from the Visible Human Male. This model provides the basis of the interactive anatomical and radiological atlas VOXEL-MAN 3D Navigator: Inner Organs.
The Inner Organs model consists of 650 three-dimensional anatomical objects. The larger objects (liver, kidneys, etc.) are represented as volume objects and are visualized using volume visualization. The smaller ones like blood vessels and nerves are modeled as surface objects.
Different viewing modes such as anatomy and X-ray imaging may be arbitrarily combined and viewed from any direction. The X-ray image may be interrogated at any point as to which objects contribute to it.
A complete X-ray view of the Inner Organs model. Any organ may be highlighted for the assessment of its manifestation in an X-ray image. Here the small intestine is highlighted in violet, the large intestine in yellow.
View of the Inner Organs model together with one of the famous anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci (around 1500). It illustrates the development of anatomical knowledge representations from drawings to virtual body models.
View of the Inner Organs model with a transverse cut unveiling the major blood vessels and nerves of the lower abdomen. At any place, the cross-sectional anatomy and its radiological manifestation in Computer Tomography (CT) may be explored.
The segmented inner organs model is available for research purposes.
- Karl Heinz Höhne, Bernhard Pflesser, Andreas Pommert, Martin Riemer, Rainer Schubert, Thomas Schiemann, Ulf Tiede, Udo Schumacher: A realistic model of human structure from the Visible Human data. Methods of Information in Medicine 40, 2 (2001), 83-89.
- Andreas Pommert, Karl Heinz Höhne, Bernhard Pflesser, Ernst Richter, Martin Riemer, Thomas Schiemann, Rainer Schubert, Udo Schumacher, Ulf Tiede: Creating a high-resolution spatial/symbolic model of the inner organs based on the Visible Human. Medical Image Analysis 5, 3 (2001), 221-228.
- Thomas Schiemann, Jan Freudenberg, Bernhard Pflesser, Andreas Pommert, Kay Priesmeyer, Martin Riemer, Rainer Schubert, Ulf Tiede, Karl Heinz Höhne: Exploring the Visible Human using the VOXEL-MAN framework. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics 24, 3 (2000), 127-132.
Back to the Visible Human